About Fars Province

Fars province is one of the southern provinces of the country. Throughout history it has always been one of the centers for the expansion of the Persian civilization, which spread and became known in different parts of the world. This province has changed hands between many dynasties, a great deal of ancient and historical monuments have remained, each of which has preserved its value as world heritage and tells the history of the province and the west of Asia. Valuable historical monuments such as, Pasargade, Persepolis, Bishapur, Shahre Gour, Palace of Ardashir Babakan and etc represent the shining culture and civilization of Iran’s history. The fame of the Iranian gardens, which were known as paradise during Achaemenian era, were mostly at Fars province. Several designs of cedar trees that are carved on the stairways of Persepolis show that the mentioned palaces used to be located on the grounds of these vast gardens and woodlands. Even now some of the gardens of this province such as the Eram Garden is world renowned and has been registered by UNESCO. Fars province is one of the provinces that has the highest nomadic population in the country.

Most Popular Tourist Attractions Of Fars Province


Takht-e-Jamshid or Parseh (Persopolis) is one of the ancient cities of Iran that was the magnificent ceremonial capital of Iranian Kingdom for successive years in Achaemenid Empire. There is a palace called Persepolis in this ancient city where was built in the reign of Darius the Great, Xerxes I, and Artaxerxes I, and was intact for 200 years. On the first days of the New Year, many groups from different countries would gather in Persepolis in behalf of Satraps with a variety of offers and bestow their gifts to the king. In 518 BC, the construction of Persepolis, as the new capital of Achaemenids, started in Parseh. Darius the Great was the founder of Takht-e-Jamshid. After him, his son, Xerxes I, and his grandson, Artaxerxes I, expanded it. Much of the information about the background of Achaemenids and their culture come from the inscriptions on stone and metal found on the walls and tablets of these palaces. Historians believe that Alexander III of Macedon, the Greek king, attacked Iran in 330 BC, fired Persepolis, and probably destroyed most of the Achaemenid inscriptions, culture, and art. However, the ruins of this place are still there and archeologists have confirmed the signs of fire and attacks in it. This monument was registered in UNESCO World Heritage in 1979.
Hafez Tomb

Khajeh Shams al-Din Mohammad Shirazi known as “Hafez” was the great sonneteer and of the Persian poets and literature. He was born in about 726 hijri year in Shiraz. He learned science and technology in the classes of the professors at his time and got high levels in literature of his time. He pondered a lot in theology and memorized Quran in fourteen different narrations. “Goethe”, the great German scientist, poet and orator produced his Eastern Court in his name and inspired by his thoughts. His poetry includes sessions, several odes and masnavis, sonnets and rubaiyat. He passed away in 192 hijri year in Shiraz. His tomb in Shiraz is a shrine for pundits and Persian literature and poetry lovers. Hafezieh (Hafez Tomb) is a complex of tomb in the north of Shiraz and south of Qur’an Gate. The complex is called with this name for having Hafez Shirazi’s tomb in itself. The Tomb of Hafez was built in Zandi era and its reconstruction in current format was done in 1315.
Khwaju Kermani Tomb

Khajouye (Khwaju) Kermani was born in 1300 and is in fact the greatest poet of Kerman, but when he left his birthplace and tended to travelling, he spent his last years of life in the companionship of Abu Isaak Injou and were close with many greats such as Obeyd Zakani, Salman Savji, Emad Faqih Kermani, Khajeh Hafiz Shirazi, and the famous Sufi, Sheykh Amin Aldin Belyani. The tomb building of Khajoye Kermani is registered in the list of historical relics with the registration number of 916.
Vakil Bazaar of Shiraz

Vakil Bazar of Shiraz city might be one of the most famous traditional and historical bazars of Iran. This bazar which was constructed by the order of Karim Khan Zand (1758-1779) is now located in the center of Shiraz city (east to Shohada Square). Aside to bazar, there are other places such as the historical mosque and bath of Vakil. Vakil bazar is built in a + shape, which means it includes a northern, southern, eastern and western wing. A long and vast four-way is built in their crossing which has four large doors that were closed at nights so that the safety of bazar were provided. This relic was registered as one of Iran’s national relics in July 8th, 1972 with the registration number of 924.
Anahita Temple of Bishapur

Anahita temple is one of the famous buildings of the ancient city of Bishapur in Kazeroun town which is related to Anahita, the goddess of water. Next to Shapur castle in the ancient valley of Bishapour, there is a large square room known as Anahita temple of Bishapur. This temple is in a cubic form which each of its side is nearly 14 meters and it is created out of carved stones and without any mortars in two layers and in the Achaemenid architecture style and these walls are connected to each other with iron holders. Anahita temple is located in a six meter fovea from the ground and a stairway is connected from it to the castle. This temple is roofless and the purpose of building was to flow the water of Bishapur River which is flowing in the 250 meter distance from it inside the temple and after circling in the bottom of the temple, the water emerged through an aqueduct.
Kolahfarangy Mansion of Shiraz, Tomb of Karim Khan Zand

Kolah Farangi building was established in the ear of Karim Khan-e Zand, and used to be the place for entertaining foreigner guests and ambassadors and for holding official ceremonies and various holidays. It is said that it is also called “the Governmental garden” .The exterior appearance of this building is octagonal and it is decorated with tiles that have flowers and bird images on them and tiled gables and Entablatures. The interior spaces include a central part and four side alcoves. Currently, Kolah Farangi building is Pars Museum and historical and artistic relics from before and after Islam including the Zandieh era are shown in it.Mosaddegh became prime minister in 1967 and he nationalized Iran’s oil as his first step. For this reason, the plot of his government downfall was conducted by England (that before the nationalization of Iran’s oil owned much of it) and finally in August 20th of 1953 a coup was conducted by CIA and Mosaddegh’s government fell. One of the other reasons for his government’s downfall was the disagreements of Abulqasim Kashani with Mosaddeq. While Kashani used to support Mosaddeq, he started opposing him with a large mass of clergymen. After that, Mosaddegh was sentenced in the military court and despite the documented argument he presented in court, he was sentenced to three years of solitary prison. After bearing three years of prison, Mosaddegh was exiled by the order of Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi to Ahmad Abad fortress and was kept under surveillance until his last days. Mosaddegh finally died of cancer in March 5th, 1965 in the age of 84 in the Najmieh hospital of Tehran under the surveillance of SAVAK agents and was buried in Ahmad Abad.
Tomb of Cyrus the Great

Cyrus II who is known as the Great Cyrus or Cyrus the Great was the founder and the first Achamenian king who ruled over vast areas of Asia in 529-559 BC. Declaration of Cyrus the Great is one of the most important historical monuments remaining from this Persian king that is world famous. The tomb of this Persian king is in Pasargadae, Saadat Shahr in Fars Province. Apart from the tomb of Cyrus the Great, there are also other historical monuments. They include buildings such as the tomb of Cyrus the Great, Pasargad Mosque, Pasargad Kingly Garden, Gate of All Nations, Bridge, Bare Am Palace, the pivate palace, two summerhouses, kingly garden waterfronts, Cambyses tomb, the bed defense structures, Mozaffari Inn, the holy area and Bolaghi Gorge. This is the fifth collection registered in the list of world heritage in Iran for having many features. It was registered in UNESCO Conference held in Tir 1383 in China. The Tomb of Cyrus the Great is an unadorned monument with unique architecture approximately one kilometer southwest of the palaces of Pasargadae. This monument is visible from all parts of Marghab plain. If we pass the ancient path from the southwest and enter the plain from Tangeh Bolaghi (Bolaghi valley), the first thing that attracts attention is the Tomb of Cyrus the Great. This monument was recorded in UNESCO World Heritage under the number of 1106 as a part of Pasargadae in 2004.
Shapur Cave

Shapur cave is located at the end of Chogan canyon in the four kilometer distance of Bishapur City in Kazerun town, the most important Sassanid capital in an 800 meter height from the ground and its entrance is about 30 meters. And this is why this cave is famous by the name “Shapur”. The statue of Shapur is carved in a stalagmite, and although 1700 years have passed, it is still standing and it is the only statue left from the ancient times which is approximately 7 meters long. After passing several years, this statue is still sound, although two of its hands are broken. The statue were fallen down and it was restored by the army in 1957. This statue indicates Shapur in a standing position. There are two stone inscription at the entrance of the cave, which one of them is the translation of Shapur’s inscription in the role of Rajab and the other is how the statue was restored after 1000 years in 1957 by the army. Both inscriptions were created by the army during the Pahlavi era. This cave and some other archaeological sites situated in three geographical parts in the southeast of Fars Province: Firuzabad, Bishapur and Sarvestan were recorded in UNESCO World Heritage in 2018 as Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region.
Atigh Jameh Mosque of Shiraz

Atigh Jameh mosuqe of Shiraz (ancient central mosque) of Shiraz is the oldest and the first mosque of Shiraz which is also called Jom’eh mosque, Al-Aqsa mosque, Adineh mosque and the central mosque. This mosque is one of the strangest mosques. Its foundation building is believed to be from the pre-Islamic era. This mosque is located to the east of Shah Cheraq’s shrine and there is a path through the court of Shah Cheraq and through the new-built Bazar. It is said that this mosque was built in the 20 year era of Umar and Leith Safari’s ruling in 894 A.D. During the recent thousand years, this mosque was renovated and repaired for several times such as Salghuri, in the ruling time of Ibrahim Mirza, son of Shahrokh Gurkani, in the Safavid era and in 1936 by some people and with collaboration of The Archeology Organization. The ancient central mosque is now discussed as a historical and cultivated mosque. This mosque was registered in January 6th, 1932 in the list of national relics with the registration number of 72.
Quran Gate of Shiraz

Quran Gate is one of the 12 gates left from old eras in Shiraz, which today is considered as one of the historical relics of this town. This gate is located in Quran square, Haft tanan Boulevard and Rabani Shirazi ST. cross at the entrance of Shiraz. This arch was built in the era of Azedolleh Deylami, and a Quran was placed upon it so that the travelers could end their journey safely.
Tomb of Saadi Shirazi (Saadieh)

Saadi Shirazi with full name as Abu-Mohammad Moshref-al-din Muslih-bin-Abdolla-bin-Moshref Saadi Shirazi (born in 585 or near 606 AH equal to 589 SH and 1210 AD in Shiraz- passed away in 691 AH, equal to 670 or 671 SH or 1292 AD) is a famous, Persian and Iranian poet and writer. His reputation is mostly for his strong, catchy and rhythmic poetry and prose. His position among literary community is so significant that he has been nicknamed as wordsmith, king of word, Sheikh-e-Ajal (death) and even absolutely, master. His popular works are Gulestan in prose and Bostan Masnavi in convergent measure (rhythm of Shah nameh (epopee) by Ferdowsi) and moreover, sonnets and his poetries. Collection of his works is called complete works of Saadi. Some parts of his works has been translated into German and French. Saadi has been buried in a monastery where was his living place and now it is his tomb. Mohsen Foroughi, an Iranian modern architect, designed tomb of Saadi in 1330.
Nasir ol Molk Mosque

Nasir-ol-Molk Mosque is one of the most beautiful mosques of Iran in terms of tilework and Muqarnas. The mixture of light and color has given exquisite beauty to the mosque. It is the most beautiful mosque in Shiraz. Every tourist desires to visit the mosque with its colorful glasses, high ceilings, and nice tilework. In terms of tilework, Nasir-ol-Molk Mosque is the most precious mosque of Iran, and in terms of construction, especially tilework and Muqarnas, it is one-of-a-kind. In terms of color, it is the only Iranian mosque that can rival Al-Aqsa Mosque and Istanbul Blue Mosque. Construction of the mosque started in 1876 and ended in 1888 AD.
Naqsh-e Rustam

Naqsh-e Rustam is an ancient complex in Zangi Abad Village located in the north of Marvdasht County, Fars Province. It stands 6 kilometers from Persepolis. This ancient area contains Elam, Achaemenid, and Sassanid remains. It was of high significance from 1200 BC to 625 AD because the tombs of four Achaemenid kings, several reliefs from the important events of Sassanid period, the Cube of Zoroaster, and a ruined relief from Elam period exist in this place. In Sassanid era, Naqsh-e Rustam Complex was religiously and nationally important as well. The oldest relief in Naqsh-e Rustam belongs to Elam period that displays the relief of a god and goddess and a king and queen. But, Bahram II removed some parts of it later in Sassanid period and carved his court instead. The Cube of Zoroaster is a tower-like stone monument in the area which was most probably built in Achaemenid period and its function is already unknown. There are two inscriptions from Shapur I and Kartir on three corners of the Cube which are historically valuable. Four crypt-like tombs have been built in the heart of mountain, which belong to Darius the Great, Xerxes, Artaxerxes I, and Darius II, and all of them have the same features.