About Kermanshah Province

Kermanshah province with the centrality of Kermanshah city is at the west of Iran bordered by Iraq. Kermanshah province is the birthplace and settlement of many Iranian civilizations. The ancient median people used to live in this area. 3000 historical relics have been estimated in Kermanshah, 716 of which have been registered nationally and one globally.

Most Popular Tourist Attractions Of Kermanshah Province

Taq-e Bostan

Taq-e Bostan series is one of the unprecedented historical monuments in Iran and the world which is the first stone animation in the world with fine reliefs of the Ancient Iranian greatness and glory. Taq-e Bostan (“Taq wa San” in Kermanshah Kurdish, meaning a taq made of stone” is a series of Sassanid petroglyphs and inscriptions that are located in north west of Kermanshah in the west of Iran. According to some, this building was made before Christ and according to some others it was built after Christ and has great historical and artistic value. Several historical scenes such as Khosrow Parviz coronation, Artaxerxes II coronation, Shapur II and III coronations and some inscriptions (epigraphs) have been carved in it in Pahlavi script. The mountains and springs in this area have made it a spiriting promenade that has always been the center of attention, from the old days till now. This series was recorded in the list of national monuments in 1310 with number 172.
Anahita Temple, Kangavar

The famous structure known as the Temple of Anahita is located in the center of Kangavar City in Kermanshah Province on the way from Hamedan to Kermanshah. This monument is built on a natural hill with a maximum height of thirty two meters from the surrounding lands. Some historians consider this structure a temple for goddess Anahita. Anahita meaning clean and free from contamination has been the goddess of water, the guardian of the springs and rain and a symbol offirtility, love and friendship in ancient Iranian belief. This belief existed since the period before Zoroaster in Iran and has been the center of attention in the next periods. Numerous temples and statues have been built in Iran before Islam in respect for this Iranian goddess. In addition, Pol-e Dokhtar and Qal’eh Dokhtars that have been built throughout Iran have taken the name “Dokhtar ” in memorandum of this goddess. Different monuments of Anahita (including temples and inscriptions) are remaining in Hamedan, Shush, Kazerun, Azerbayjan, Kermanshah and Kangavar. The Temple of Anahita in Kangavar is the most famous temple assigned to Anahita in Iran. The ratio of the height of its columns to their diagonals is three to one and this has made it unique and inimitable among all the temples in the world. The Temple of Anahita is the second stone building in Iran after Persepolis. The architectural style of this monument is of Arsacid style. This monument was recorded among the national monuments in 1310 with the number 31.
Statue of Hercules

Statue of Hercules is sculpted out of stone at the eastern-western highway of Silk Road or Great Khorasan Road in the World Heritage Area of Bistoon near Kermanshah. This statue was built in Seleucid period. Building this statue was concurrent with the conquest of the Great Medians by Arsacid. This statue was discovered in 1337 at the time of Hamedan-Kermanshah road construction. The statue length is 1.47 meters and the statue is sculpted on the mountain and is attached to the mountain from behind. Releifs and inscriptions have been inscribed on the back side of the statue in ancient Greek. Relief of a lion can be seen under the statue body whose length is 200 centimeters from tail to head and its tail length is 114 centimeters. This statue is recorded in the list of national monuments with number 4482.
Bisotun Inscription

Bisotun Inscription (سنگ نوشته بیستون) is the greatest inscription in the world, the first known Iranian text and a relief from Achaemenid era (520 years BC.) located in Bistoon City, a suburb of Harsin City, 30 kilometers from Kermanshah and on the outskirts of Bistoon Mountain. Bistoon Inscription is one of the most important and famous historical documents of the world during the Achaemenid that is a description of the victory of Darius the great over Gaumata and enslavement of rebels. Major points of Bistoon inscription include: introduction of Darius in his own words, Achaemenid dynasty, restoration of monarchy to Archaemenid, Darius’s governance, death of Cambyses, Gaumata rebellion and his death, rebellion in many lands and their repression, restoration of lands that had refused submission, Darius’s nineteen war victories such as the important and difficult victory over Scythians, establishment of peace and safety in the vast empire, rejection of anti—government outlaw’ claims, warning against lying, defending truth and honesty, praying for the country and its nation, Darius’s thank to Ahouramazda for his help in overcoming opponents and retrieving peace, advice to future kings who will read Bistoon inscription, name of those who supported Darius overcome Gaumata and reference to the publication of inscription throughout the Archeemenid territory in cuneiform and in three languages of Persian, Babylonian and Elamite.
Moaven al-Molk Tekyeh

Moaven al-Molk Tekyeh is one of the elegant and magnificent monuments that has remained from Qajar period in Kermanshah. This monument was registered in the list of Iran’s national monuments on 10th of Azar 1354 with registration number 945. The tekyeh came into operation in 1282 solar Hijri year and it was used for holding religious ceremonies and solving ethnic and tribal controversies. This building is divided into three sections of Husseiniyeh, Zeinabiyeh and Abbasiyeh. The building’s significant and premium point is its tiling. According to experts of cultural heritage in Kermanshah, the embossed and semi-embossed tilings with very beautiful designs and a hundred percent natural colors used in the building are exquisite in the world. The pictures carved on the tiles include scenes from wars of Mohammad against infidels, Ali’s battles, Karbala events and pictures of ancient Iranian kings such as archemeneid kings and Persepolis are unique in their kind. The architecture of the building was turned over to first to Hossein, the painter from Tehran and Seyyed Abolghasem Mani by Hassan Khan Moaven al-Molk and later on Hossein, the glazed tile maker from Tehran was also invited to Kermanshah to reconstruct the monument.
Shafei Mosque

Shafei Jameh Mosque is the mosque for Sunni people in Kermanshah and is located on the order of Kermanshah Bazaar (Tarikeh Bazaar) and was established in 1324. This mosque leads to Javanshir Square on one side and Tarikeh Bazaar on the other side. The mosque was established in a neighborhood that was previously a shrine for pilgrimers and the place was bought by Sunni benefactors led by late Haj Mullah Seyyed Hossein Masoudi. Today prayers are held only in the new building of the mosque which is near the old building and is built in the style of Turkish mosques. Mullah Mohammad Rabei was the Prayer’s Imam in this mosque who was killed in serial killings.
Parau Cave, Kermanshah

Parau or Paru (meaning full of water) is the name of a cave at 3050 meters height in Parau Mountain which is located twelve meters from the north east of Kermanshah City among Taq-e Bostan Mountain and Bistun Mountain and in the south of an area called Parau Square. This cave is located 300 meters down Sheikh Ali Khan Summit or Parau Summit. It was the greatest vertical cave in the world at the time of its discovery, more than 40 years ago (1971). That was why it is called Everest of all the caves in the world. This cave is registered as the second natural and national monument in Kermanshah in 1388 by Environmental Protection Agency in Iran. Today, many deep caves are discovered throughout the world which are even deeper than Parau Cave and have sent this cave down to rank 221 in the list of deepest world caves. One of the exquisite features of Parau Cave is its three thousand meters height from sea level which is the highest level from sea among all the caves in the world. This cave was recorded as the natural national monument by the Environmental Protection Agency in 1388. Moreover, it was registered by the Cultural Heritage Oranization with registration number 98 in the list of Iran’s natural monuments on 20th of Bahman 1389.
Biglar Beigi Tekyeh, Kermanshah

This monument is located in Sarem al-Dowleh Alley in the old neighborhood called Feyzabad. This tekyeh that was built in Qajar era by Abdollah Khan, known as Biglar Beigi is unique among Kermanshah tekyehs in terms of mirror works. In the western side of the yard, a great mirrored hall is built which is known as Husseiniyeh. The hall is covered with perfect decorations and numerous inscriptions from Mozaffar al-Din Shah’s reign and the great Biglar Beigi Guestroom is located on both sides. Biglar Beigi Tekyeh is visited by public at the moment as the museum of calligraphy and writing. Ancient documents of Bigli Beigi family are put on a show in this museum.
Silent Towers of Sahneh

Sahneh, one of the cities of Kermanshah Province is located 50 kilometers from Kermanshah on Kermanshah Road to Hamedan. Sarab in Sahneh is one of the most important and beautiful areas in Kermanshah and Sahne City that attracts many visitors due to its beautiful and rafting streamlet, wild trees and fruit garden, altitudinous mountains and Kay Kavus Cave (Gur Dakhmehs of Sahneh). Silent Towers (Gur Dakhmehs) of Sahneh have been sculpted in Shogh Ali Mountain Body located in the north of Sahneh County and at the right hand of Darband water. These Gur Dakhmehs are known among the inhabitants of the area as Kay Kavus Tomb, Farhad the sculptor and Shirin and Farhad tomb. Some experts believe these Gur Dakhmehs belong to Medians, while others ascribe them to Achaemenians. This monument was recorded on 1315/10/10 with the national register number 148.
Historical Monuments of Qasr-e Shirin

Qasr-e Shirin County with a population of 19821 people in 1385 is one of the Counties in Kermanshah Province. Qasr-e Shirin is the center of this County which is located 166 kilometers from the west of Kermanshah and is 400 meters high from sea level and Sumar is the other city of it. Qasr-e Shirin County is surrounded by Iraq in north and west and by Ilam in the south and by Sar-e Pol Zahab and Gilangharb Counties in the east. Qasr-e Shirin County is on the main road of Tehran-Baghdad. The most famous ancient monument of this county is Chahartaghi and mansion. Shah Abbasi Inn and Javamir Castle are its other historical monuments. The people of Qasr-e Shirin are Kurdish. Qasr-e Shirin is one of the oldest and historical cities of this province and its construction is ascribed to the historical and literature works of Khosrow Parviz. He built a vast garden with pleasant palaces that were suitable for the winter weather of the region during his reign. The sights: Charghapi, Khosrow Sassanid Palace, Hosh Kari, Qasr-e Shirin Inn, Shah Godar Stream
Khaje Baruch House, Kermanshah

Khaje Baruch House, Kakeh Barookh’s House or Randeh Kesh House (Maal Kakeh Barookh in Kurdish) is the name of a historical house in Kermanshah. The owner of the house was Khaje Baruch, one of Jewish merchants in Kermanshah and it was built at the time of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar. The house is located in the Jewish neighborhood called Feyzabad. Khaje Baruch House is now used as the house of artist in Kermanshah.
Piran Waterfall

Piran is one of the plain and mountain villages that considering its suitable water resource, it has a very favorable condition for attracting tourists. Several gardens, Piran waterfall and the natural and incredible texture of this region and being close to Sar-e Pol-e Zahab town attracts many enthusiasts to this place. Piran or Rijab waterfall is one of the highest waterfalls of Iran which is located in Kermanshah province. Rijab waterfall is a three floored waterfall, which the upper two levels are very high and the lower level is shorter. The third level of Rijab waterfall is located under trees and cannot be seen from above. This waterfall is registered in the list of national and natural relics.
Harsin Catacombs

The threefold catacombs of Eshaqvand is one of the most mysterious historical relics of Kermanshah province, located in Harsin town. In the past, these catacombs were believed to be left from the Medians era, but currently there are disagreements about their age. Around each of these catacombs are paneled and in the upper part of the middle catacomb, there is an image of a full length standing man. These threefold catacombs are one of the main historical and touristic attractions of Harsin town in Kermanshah province.
Hashilan Lagoon

Hashilan Lagoon is located on Kermanshah-Ravansar Road, 26 kilometers of North West of Kermanshah in Allahyar Khani Village. The approximate area of this lagoon is 450 hectares and it is on the plain and low lands of Khorein and Veis Muntain skirts. This lagoon is located in the southern skirt of Khorein Mountain in a vast plain with a very low slope from north to south. The water of the lagoon is supplied by Sabz Ali Springhead that contains vegetation with various flowers. Lagoon water in upper hand is in the form of a springhead and bubbling springs and it is spreaded in lagoon width in the form of small and big channels. Water surface is covered by grass which is grown inside water in the form of water plants. This lagoon with about 110 small and big islands is formed in an area of from about 100 square meters to one hectare.
Quri Qala Cave

Qouri Qala or Qouri Qal’eh cave is the largest water cave of Middle East with a 65 million year background, located in Kermanshah province. This cave is located in the 25 kilometer distance of Ravansar town, in the hillside of Shahou Mountain and has an overlooking scene of Ravansar – Paveh route in the neighboring area of a village with the same name. In Qouri Qala or Qouri Qal’eh cave of Kermanshah, there are 4 waterfalls in the depths of the ground which this feature differentiates this cave with other similar ones. This cave has been a safe and remote place throughout history and detection of relics such as some plates, bowls, and some coins from Yazdegerd III era indicates its age and use in ancient times. This cave is 12 kilometers long and is 3140 meter deep. And it is registered as one of Iran’s seven natural and national relics. This cave was first registered as Iran’s natural and national relic by the Department of Environment and then it was registered as the 54th national relic in the list of Iran’s natural heritage by the Cultural Heritage Organization on March 17th, 2009.